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Empire then the largest Islamic power in the world Meanwhile the Young Turks harnessed themselves to German military might to avenge Turkey s hereditary enemy Russia Told from the perspective of the key decision makers on the Turco German side many of the most conseuential events of World War I Turkey s entry into the war Gallipoli the Armenian massacres the Arab revolt and the Russian Revolution are illuminated as never beforeDrawing on a wealth of new sources McMeekin forces us to re examine Western interference in the. KOBOBOOKSReviewed by Literary Review Electromyography for Experimentalists us to re examine Western interference in the. KOBOBOOKSReviewed by Literary Review

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The Berlin Baghdad Express The Ottoman Empire and Germany's Bid for World Power

The modern Middle East was forged in the crucible of the First World War but few know the full story of how war actually came to the region As Sean McMeekin reveals in this startling reinterpretation of the war it was neither the British nor the French but rather a small cliue of Germans and Turks who thrust the Islamic world into the conflict for their own political economic and military endsThe Berlin Baghdad Express tells the fascinating story of how Germany exploited Ottoman pan Islamism in order to destroy the British. A fascinating look at the Ottoman German alliance during the war and their use of pan Islamism as a strategy They did this with their railway project and by launching a propaganda campaign against the Muslims of Britain s empire Neither of these projects ended up working The Berlin Baghdad railway project was difficult to build and expensive to maintain The jihad project also flounderedIn retrospectTurkey s entry into the war proved to be its undoing While both the Allies and the Central Powers desperately sought to win Turkey to their side or at least keep it neutral their fears and hopes were unfounded Turkey was a third rate power on the brink of collapse with a mutinous army of ill trained and poorly armed soldiers Even before the war broke out the fringes of the Ottoman empire were being gobbled up by the Italians and the Balkan states The empire was all but finished by 1913 and its decision to enter the war sealed its doom Before entering the war Turkey however ran rings around both sides They cornered the Germans and extracted an unconditional guarantee of its borders At the same time they cynically attempted to get Russia to abandon the Caucasus When they did enter the war the Ottomans attempted to use the Sherifiate of Mecca to legitimize a jihad against the Allied powers The puppet sultan did so but his fatwa had only a limited effect The Sherifiate also resented the Ottomans attempt to tighten control The entire holy war idea was cooked by the amateur archaeologist turned secret agent Max von Oppenheim head of the Nachrichtenstelle f r den Orient The Kaiser backed the idea and the Turks played along not because they agreed with it in an ideological sense but because it offered an opportunity to harness German power to Ottoman interests Pan Islamic strategies did little to aid the Ottoman war effort As Gallipoli demonstrated a better strategy would probably have been to hunker down and guard its borders than to waste its limited strength in far flung jihadist adventurism The concept was also based on a notion of Islamic solidarity behind the Ottoman Sultan Caliph which was pure fantasy Jihadi propaganda did not count for much in the Islamic worldThe British of course were successful employing TE Lawrence to enlist Hussein in what was a jihad than a nationalist revolt Far from being loyal to the cause of an Islamic holy war Arab irregulars on both sides attacked whoever they felt likeMeanwhile the Germans employed several colorful Lawrence type adventurers to stir up revolt against Britain Many of them were pretty ridiculous attempting to portray themselves as a disinterested third party that was solely seeking to liberate all Muslims from British rule The Arabs were too hostile to the Ottoman empire for the Germans plans to work

Free read The Berlin Baghdad Express The Ottoman Empire and Germany's Bid for World Power

Middle East and its lamentable results It is an epic tragicomedy of unintended conseuences as Turkish nationalists give Russia the war it desperately wants jihad begets an Islamic insurrection in Mecca German sabotage plots upend the Tsar delivering Turkey from Russia s yoke and German Zionism midwifes the Balfour Declaration All along the story is interwoven with the drama surrounding German efforts to complete the Berlin to Baghdad railway the weapon designed to win the war and assure German hegemony over the Middle East. Author Sean McMeekin has performed extensive research and put forth a multitude of details this historical book complete with a 30 page index however at times I found it hard to process all the information The book is not as much about the Berlin Baghdad railway as it is about Germany forming a coalition with Muslim Ottomans to fight on the Eastern Front against allied British and Russians


10 thoughts on “The Berlin Baghdad Express The Ottoman Empire and Germany's Bid for World Power

  1. says:

    Ever feel like most of the geo political social and scientific situations that arise today are a product of Germany just messing everything up constantly? Do you find yourself giving Angela Merkel the side eye whenever you see her on tv becau

  2. says:

    A fascinating look at the Ottoman German alliance during the war and their use of pan Islamism as a strategy They did this with their railway project and by launching a propaganda campaign against the Muslims of Britain’s empire Neither of these projects ended up working The Berlin Baghdad railway project was difficult to build an

  3. says:

    Using the narrative conceit of the Berlin Baghdad railway McMeekin constructs an entertaining narrative of the romance between German and Austro Hungarian Orientalists in the years leading up to and during WWI Of greatest i

  4. says:

    Sean McMeekin is a historian who specializes in the diplomacy of World War I and has written an interesting survey of Turkish German relations leading up to and during the Great War The author concentrates on the role and construction of the Berlin Baghdad Railway project that was designed to allow Germany to penetrate the Middle Ea

  5. says:

    The Berlin Baghdad Express The Ottoman Empire and Germany's Bid for World Power by Sean McMeekin is an interesting look at Turco German relations prior to and during WWI McMeekin examines the German's bid for world power in the Middle East utilizing Jihadist propoganda against British French and Russian Muslim

  6. says:

    KOBOBOOKSReviewed by Literary Review

  7. says:

    A very good read on the German intentions in the Middle East during the Great War and of the conseuences Has a number of good maps and foot notes

  8. says:

    Ultimately an awkward book I really appreciated the detailed presentation of people and places of the many German

  9. says:

    Author Sean McMeekin has performed extensive research and put forth a multitude of details this historical book complete with a 30 page index however at times I found it hard to process all the information The book is not as much about the Berlin Baghdad railway as it is about Germany forming a coalition with Muslim Ottomans to fight on the Eastern Front against allied British and Russians

  10. says:

    A narrative of a covert campaign by German Arabists and secret agents to build popular support in the Muslim world for their cause during WW1 using the Berlin Baghdad Railway started by the Kaiser and the Ottomans as its jumping off point Th

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